Born in Crevalcore, Malpighi studied Medicine in Bologna, where in 1655, he then taught Logic. Called to Pisa by Ferdinando II to take over the chair of Theory of Medicine, his ideas started to be influenced by the thoughts of Galileo.
Recalled to Bologna in 1659 as lecturer in Theory of Extraordinary Medicine, in 1660 he then passed to ordinary medicine. Nominated pontifical physician to Pope Innocence XII, he moved to Rome in 1691, where he died three years later.
His scientific activities, aimed in particular at microscopic anatomy, led him to investigate the human body in a scientific manner.
For his international fame, the Royal Society in London made him an honorary member in 1669. In 1686-1687, his Opera Omnia was published in London in 2 volumes with 122 plates etched in copper.
In the central square of Crevalcore, a bronze sculpture dated 1897 commemorates its most famous son, the scientist Marcello Malpighi
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Last update: 06-09-2019